Dutch Oven Mountain Man Breakfast

Cooking this meal can complete requirements for the Cooking Merit Badge along with your rank advancements.

This is a favorite for my scouts on camp-outs.  Needless to say, we do not make this while backpacking.


  • 1 pound pork sausage

  • 1 onion - chopped

  • 1 green bell pepper - chopped

  • 1 red bell pepper - chopped

  • 1 clove garlic - Minced

  • 1 (2 pound) package frozen / shredded hash-browns

  • 12 eggs - beaten

  • 1 pound cheese - shredded


  1. Build a campfire and allow the fire to burn until it has accumulated a bed of coals. Or use charcoal briquettes.

  2. Cook and stir the sausage, onion, and garlic in a 12-inch cast iron Dutch oven with lid, raised over the coals to medium-high heat, until the sausage is no longer pink and the onion is tender. Stir in the red bell pepper, green bell pepper, and hash brown potatoes until evenly mixed. Cook, stirring occasionally, until the hash browns are hot and the peppers are tender, about 15 minutes.

  3. Pour the beaten eggs evenly over the top of the potatoes, allowing them to sink into the potatoes. Cover the Dutch oven, and place 6 to 9 coals underneath, and 12 to 18 on top. Allow to bake until the eggs are firm, about 40 minutes. Sprinkle with Cheddar cheese, cover, and continue cooking until the cheese has melted, about 5 minutes.

Servings: 12.... 'ish (scouts are always hungry!)

Total prep and cook time: 1.5 hours

Budget: (full price) $17.00  - $1.42/serving

Topographic Map Activity

Looking at a topographic map for the first time can be a confusing experience.

One way to understand what all the squiggly lines are for is to complete the topographic hand activity:

Make a fist with one hand.  Your knuckles are representing hill tops.  Just like hills and mountains, your fist has a topography of it's own.  Now with a pen in the other hand, start at the top of your knuckles and start drawing  contour lines.  The hill tops will be smaller circles and gradually start to slope as the contour lines make their way down from your knuckles to your wrist.

After you have completed the full topography of the back of your hand, lay your hand down flat.  Just like the topographic map, you are able to see what the conditions of the area are like based on the contour lines.

Boy Scout First Class Rank

  1. Demonstrate how to find directions during the day and at night without using a compass.
  2. Using a map and compass, complete an orienteering course that covers at least one mile and requires measuring the height and/or width of designated items (tree, tower, canyon, ditch, etc.)
  3. Since joining, have participated in ten separate troop/patrol activities (other than troop/patrol meetings), three of which included camping overnight. Demonstrate the principles of Leave No Trace on these outings.
    1. Help plan a patrol menu for one campout that includes at least one breakfast, one lunch, and one dinner and that requires cooking at least two of the meals. Tell how the menu includes the foods from the food pyramid and meets nutritional needs.
    2. Using the menu planned in requirement 4a, make a list showing the cost and food amounts needed to feed three or more boys and secure the ingredients.
    3. Tell which pans, utensils, and other gear will be needed to cook and serve these meals.
    4. Explain the procedures to follow in the safe handling and storage of fresh meats, dairy products, eggs, vegetables, and other perishable food products. Tell how to properly dispose of camp garbage, cans, plastic containers, and other rubbish.
    5. On one campout, serve as your patrol's cook. Supervise your assistant(s) in using a stove or building a cooking fire. Prepare the breakfast, lunch, and dinner planned in requirement 4a. Lead your patrol in saying grace at the meals and supervise cleanup.
  4. Visit and discuss with a selected individual approved by your leader (elected official, judge, attorney, civil servant, principal, teacher) your constitutional rights and obligations as a U.S. citizen.
  5. Identify or show evidence of at least ten kinds of native plants found in your community.
    1. Discuss when you should and should not use lashings. Then demonstrate tying the timber hitch and clove hitch and their use in square, shear, and diagonal lashings by joining two or more poles or staves together.
    2. Use lashing to make a useful camp gadget.
    1. Demonstrate tying the bowline knot and describe several ways it can be used.
    2. Demonstrate bandages for a sprained ankle. and for injuries on the head, the upper arm, and the collarbone.
    3. Show how to transport by yourself, and with one other person, a person:
      • from a smoke-filled room
      • with a sprained ankle, for at least 25 yards.
    4. Tell the five most common signals of a heart attack. Explain the steps (procedures) in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
    1. Tell what precautions must be taken for a safe trip afloat.
    2. Successfully complete the BSA swimmer test.
    3. With a helper and a practice victim, show a line rescue both as tender and rescuer. (The practice victim should be approximately 30 feet from shore in deep water.)
  6. Tell someone who is eligible to join Boy Scouts, or an inactive Boy Scout, about your troop's activities. Invite him to a troop outing, activity, service project or meeting. Tell him how to join, or encourage the inactive Boy Scout to become active.
  7. Describe the three things you should avoid doing related to use of the Internet. Describe a cyberbully and how you should respond to one.
  8. Demonstrate scout spirit by living the Scout Oath (Promise) and Scout Law in your everyday life. Discuss four specific examples (different from those used for Tenderfoot requirement 13 and Second Class requirement 11) of how you have lived the points of the Scout Law in your daily life.
  9. Participate in a Scoutmaster conference.
  10. Complete your board of review.
* Alternative Requirements for the First Class rank are available for Scouts with physical or mental disabilities if they meet the criteria listed.