You Lichen Rocks?

You Lichen Rocks?

This last week we were on the troop summer week long scout camp up in the High Uintas of Utah. As we were hiking along between Trident and Beth Lake, I noticed that there was a ton of lichen on all the rocks.  I realized that I did not know anything about lichen, except that it is usually found growing on the rocks.  So, here is a few thing that I have found from my research.

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The Story of Smokey Bear

The Story of Smokey Bear

Smokey was born on August 9, 1944. The U.S. Forest Service wanted a spokes person to continually remind people that "Care will prevent 9 out of 10 fires", and the fictitious bear was just the ticket... as they said back then.  In 1947, Smokey's message changed to the familiar "Only YOU Can Prevent Forest Fires".

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Build A Tent From 1939

From the 4th edition of the Boy Scouts of American Handbook printed in 1939, page 488 offers some great tent handicraft projects. Usually made out of canvas, these tents were very basic, but effective designs for scouts to build themselves. For the most part, Scouts now a days do not know the art form of making your own tent. Instead, with prices being so low, it is more cost effective and easier to just go to the store and purchase your three man, nylon, waterproof tent for about twenty five dollars. A fun and less expensive variation, if looking at experiment in making your own tent, is using tarps.

Open Outing Tent With Hood -- This can be made from thirteen yards of 8 oz. duck canvas, which costs very little.

A Tent For Mosuito Country -- Offered by the editor as being especially adapted for use in mosquito country in hot weather. Tent has florr cloth and weather flaps over cheese-cloth windows, and two puckering-string round doors, also with flaps.

How To Make A Water Jug Lantern

One of the most needed necessities while camping is light when it is dark.  One trick that I learned was how to make a lantern using only a headlamp and a clear water container.  The process is simple; place the light directly on the side of the clear water container.  Just make sure that there is water inside the container. I personally like to use an old milk jug so I can have a handle when walking with my newly created lantern.

Cotton Ball Fire Starters

I take a bag of these fire starters with me on every camp out and hike. Extremely easy to make, easy to use, and light to pack.

Items needed:

  • 100% Cotton Balls
  • Petroleum Jelly (any brand works)
  • Bag to store in (close-able plastic bag)
Completely coat the cotton ball with the petroleum jelly.  Make about 10 per plastic bag and store within your pack.

Always remember to use your best judgment when working with fire.

Camp Fires

Throwback Thursday - Ninth edition-third printing-March 1980

Building the fire.

Tepee Fire Lay. This fire is great for a quick, hot fire. Place a handful of tinder in the middle of your fire ring and circle kindling in a circle facing up. The center of the sticks should come together forming a tepee.

Lean-To Fire Lay. This is a modified version of the Tepee fire. Push a green lean-to stick into the ground with the tip pointed into the wind. Lean the kindling on both sides.

Fire Stick Fire Lay. Place your fire stick down and pile your tinder on top. Lay a number of kindling sticks against the fire stick.  Build up with thicker and thicker fuel.  Ignite the tinder. 

Crisscross Fire Lay. Perfect for getting quick hot coals. Place two sticks on the ground parallel to each other. Put tinder them. Then lay thin kindling sticks crisscross over the two supports. Continue with more layers. Increase thickness from layer to layer. 

Dutch Oven Mountain Man Breakfast

Cooking this meal can complete requirements for the Cooking Merit Badge along with your rank advancements.

This is a favorite for my scouts on camp-outs.  Needless to say, we do not make this while backpacking.


  • 1 pound pork sausage

  • 1 onion - chopped

  • 1 green bell pepper - chopped

  • 1 red bell pepper - chopped

  • 1 clove garlic - Minced

  • 1 (2 pound) package frozen / shredded hash-browns

  • 12 eggs - beaten

  • 1 pound cheese - shredded


  1. Build a campfire and allow the fire to burn until it has accumulated a bed of coals. Or use charcoal briquettes.

  2. Cook and stir the sausage, onion, and garlic in a 12-inch cast iron Dutch oven with lid, raised over the coals to medium-high heat, until the sausage is no longer pink and the onion is tender. Stir in the red bell pepper, green bell pepper, and hash brown potatoes until evenly mixed. Cook, stirring occasionally, until the hash browns are hot and the peppers are tender, about 15 minutes.

  3. Pour the beaten eggs evenly over the top of the potatoes, allowing them to sink into the potatoes. Cover the Dutch oven, and place 6 to 9 coals underneath, and 12 to 18 on top. Allow to bake until the eggs are firm, about 40 minutes. Sprinkle with Cheddar cheese, cover, and continue cooking until the cheese has melted, about 5 minutes.

Servings: 12.... 'ish (scouts are always hungry!)

Total prep and cook time: 1.5 hours

Budget: (full price) $17.00  - $1.42/serving